THE FUTURE OF THE CARTER POLICY TOWARD SOUTHERN AFRICA

by Edgar Lockwood, Washington Office on Africa
Washington, DC, United States
Undated, late 1977?
Publisher: Washington Office on Africa
18 pages
Contents: Kennedy Liberal Era Parallels • The Carter Themes • 1. The Promotion of Capitalism and Non-Violence as more Revolutionary than Revolution or Socialism • 2. Building a Moderate Zimbabwe and Namibia: Disarming the Militants • 3. The Protection and Preservation of a Private Enterprise Economy in order to Expand the Interests of International Capital in Zimbabwe and Namibia • 4. The Use of Carrots instead of Sticks to Build Areas of Support in the Front-Line States and in South Africa • A. Throwing Money at the Crisis • B. Encouraging the South African Liberals • C. Building a Black Middle Class • WILL IT WORK? • FOOTNOTES • The document says judging by the public tone, style and ideological emphasis alone, the casual observer of U.S. foreign policy is impressed by the novelty of the Carter Administration's approach toward southern Africa; the Carter Administration now seems to espouse one more American ideas and principles, open diplomacy for announced clearly-stated objectives and decision-mailing by consent. The document says to revert to methods, objectives and techniques of an earlier day may simply be to ignore what has been learned in the interim; ending colonialism in southern Africa by reviving the models of 15 years ago is therefore not a particularly promising approach. The document says the victories of the liberation movements in Guinea-Bissau, Angola and Mozambique gave the people of Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa a great measure of hope, and hence a willingness to suffer and to sacrifice. The document discusses CIA covert operations, assassination, mercenary recruitment, the Johnson administration, Nixon, Kissinger, the National Security Council, white regimes, black Africa, the Portuguese coup, covert backing of FNLA and UNITA, Rhodesia, de-colonization, the Republican years, Jimmy Carter, Andy Young, boycotts, racism, guerrilla struggle, Congress, SWAPO, the Patriotic Front, the Turnhalle Constitution, Abel Muzorewa, Ian Smith, the five western members of the U.N. Security Council, elections, Don McHenry, sanctions, Rhodesia’s growth potential, foreign capital for private investment, western mining firms, copper, zinc, uranium, the Zimbabwe Development Fund, Walvis Bay, Security Supporting Assistance, the Carter Administration, the Byrd Amendment, petroleum, nuclear testing, U.S. intelligence reports, nuclear collaboration, the Nonproliferation Treaty, the Urban League, PUSH, the NAAPC, OIC, black organizations, the Bureau of Cultural and Educational Affairs, AID, Crossroads Africa, Secretary of State Vance, Defense Secretary Brown, State Department Policy Planner Anthony Lake, liberation movements, the Third World, economic disengagement from South Africa, the Security Council, the OAU (Organization of African Unity), Zaire's international debt, dialog, protection of investments, trade, strategic interests, violent political struggle, armed struggle, the Angola war, the Shaba rebellion, Mondale, Vorster, multinational oil corporations, Rhodesia's supply of petroleum, U.N. gatherings in Maputo and Lagos, investments, loans, trade promotion, and apartheid.
Used by permission of the Washington Office on Africa.
Collection: Carole Collins Africa Collection, Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections