DEATHS IN DETENTION IN SOUTH AFRICA

Notes and Documents
(29/77)
by Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Centre Against Apartheid
New York, New York, United States
December 1977
Publisher: United Nations
35 pages
The report focuses on the plight of political detainees in South Africa, the circumstances surrounding the deaths of 41 pol1tical detainees from September 1963 to September 1977 and the need to establish some form of international judicial inquiry into such deaths. The report discusses the cases of Bellington Mampe, Lockwood Solwandle Ngudle, James Tyita, Sukiman Saloojee, Pongoloshe Hoye, Negeni Gaga, James Hamakwayo, Hangula Shonyeka, Leong Y. Pin, Ah Yan, Alpheus Madiba, J.B. Tubakwe, Nicodimus Kgoathe, Solomon Modipane, James Lenkoe, Caleb Mayekiso, Michael Shivute, Jacob (Mark) Monnakgotla, Iman Abdullah Haron, Mthayeni Cuthsela, Ahmed Timol, Joseph Mdluli, Mapetla Mohapi, Luke Mazwembe, Dumisani Mbatha, Ernest Mamasila, Thalo Mosala, Wellington Mlungisi Tshazibane, George Botha, Nanoath Ntshuntsha, Lawrence Ndzanga, Elmon Malele, Matthews Mabelane, Samuel Malinga, Aaron Khoza, Phakamile Mabija, Elijah Loza, Hoosen Mia Haffejee, Bayempin Mzizi, and Steve Biko. The report discusses the South African Students Organization (SASO), Black Peoples' Convention (BPC), the African National Congress (ANC), the South African Railway and Harbor Workers' Union, SACTU (South African Congress of Trade Unions), the Young African Religious Movement, the African Commercial and Distributive Workers' Union, the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), Robben Island, the Muslim News, the National Party, Black Community Program, Black Consciousness Movement, and Soweto. Contents: Introduction • Details of individual deaths in chronological order • Some characteristics of the deaths • Summary of the re1event security legislation • 1. Terrorism Act No. 83 of 1967 • 2. Criminal Procedure Amendment Act No. 96 of 1965 • 3. General Law Amendment Act No. 37 of 1963 • 4. Transkei Proclamations R400 and R413 of 1960 • 5. General Law Amendment Act No. 62 of 1966 • 6. Riotous Assemblies Act of 1914 as amended • Relevant statements by the Minister of Police • 1. Press Conference of 23 February 1977 • 2. Commission of inquiry • 3. Reply to question in Parliament on 22 February 1977 • (a) Deaths in 1976 under the Terrorism • (b) Deaths in 1976 under Section 22 of the General Laws Amendment Act No. 62 of 1966 • Other statements [Note: Apparently two names are misspelled; the correct spelling of is Nicodemus Kgoathe and Luke Mazwembe.]