NIGERIA: COUNTRY PROFILE

BACKGROUND PAPER
(Background Paper 007)
by Africa Policy Information Center
Washington, DC, United States
November 1996
8 pages
Type: Pamphlet
Coverage in Africa: Nigeria
Coverage outside Africa: United States
Language: English
The pamphlet says Nigeria, Africa's most populous nation, was a pioneer in the movement for African independence; Nigeria remains one of Africa’s most influential countries; its vast oil reserves and unique human resources create the capacity for enormous prosperity and regional leadership; and the fate of its struggle for democracy and national unity will have profound implications for the entire continent. The pamphlet says Nigeria has a history of military repression, civilian corruption, and ethnic tensions. The pamphlet says the political scene leading up to independence was dominated by three regionally based parties: the National Council for Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC) in the east, the Action Group (AG) in the west, and the conservative Northern People's Congress (NPC) in the north. The pamphlet says efforts by minority groups to secure greater autonomy and control of Nigeria's natural resources have been brutally suppressed. The pamphlet includes Sweet Mother by Prince Nico Mbarga and No Longer Our Own Country by Tanure Ojaide. The pamphlet discusses the United Democratic Front of Nigeria (UDFN); the International Roundtable on Nigeria (IRTON); The Africa Fund; the Sierra Club; the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP); Ken Saro-Wiwa; the Nigerian Democratic Movement; the Organization of Nigerians in the Americas; the Royal Niger Company; Nnamdi Azikiwe; the Northern People’s Congress; Shehu Shagari, leader of the National Party of Nigeria (NPN); Ibrahim Babangida; the National Republican Convention (NRC); the Social Democratic Party (SDP); Bashir Tofa; Chief Moshood Abiola; and Sani Abacha. • Current Policy Issues • FAST FACTS • Capsule history (pre•1960) • Capsule history (post-1960) •FURTHER RESOURCES • In Print • On the Internet • Video
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the Africa Policy Information Center).
Collection: William Minter Southern Africa Papers