ANGOLA and UNITA

FACT SHEET
by Washington Office on Africa Educational Fund
Washington, DC, United States
Undated, early to mid-1986?
1 page
The fact sheet says armed opposition to Portugal's colonial rule in Angola began in earnest in 1961. Three major nationalist movements subsequently emerged: the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) under the leadership of Holden Roberto, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) led by Dr. Agostinho Neto, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) headed by Jonas Savimbi. The fact sheet says the FNLA and UNITA received aid from the U.S. and China, while the MPLA received support from the Soviet Union. South Africa has invaded Angola on numerous occasions since independence, and the Cuban force has been maintained as a rear-guard for Angolan combat troop. The document discusses the CIA, arm shipments to MPLA, Zaire, the Clark Amendment, David Rockefeller, Angolan oil, and the Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank). • What happened to the Alvor Accord? • Why are Cuban troops in Angola? • What has U.S. policy been toward Angola since 1975? • What is the political orientation of the MPLA government?
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the Africa Policy Information Center).
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root