IMPLEMENTING AN EFFECTIVE OIL EMBARGO AGAINST SOUTH AFRICA: THE CURRENT SITUATION

Notes and Documents
(21/80)
by Sanctions Working Group, United Nations Centre Against Apartheid
New York, New York, United States
August 1980
Publisher: United Nations Centre Against Apartheid
9 pages
Paper submitted to the International Non-Governmental Organization Conference for Sanctions Against South Africa held in Geneva on June 30 - July 3, 1980. The paper says despite the many proposals and resolutions passed at the United Nations, the Organization of African Unity (OAU), and other intergovernmental organizations on an oil embargo against South Africa, the apartheid regime has consistently been able to obtain its required oil supplies. The paper discusses Anglo American Corporation, the Hunt Brothers, Engelhard Minerals and Chemicals Corporation, Minorco, the Toronto Committee for the Liberation of Southern Africa (TCLSAC), Etosha Petroleum, Brilund Corporation, Superior Oil, Oxford Shipping Company, American Polmax International Inc., Shell International Trading, Sasol (South African Coal, Oil and Gas Ltd.), South Sun (renamed Salem), Merca Bank, Volkskas, and the Oilfield Workers' Trade Union of Trinidad and Tobago. The paper discusses a 50/50 joint venture of Shell and BP South African Refineries, SAPRE. Contents: Introduction • I. How South Africa secures access to own oil abroad • 1. Beaufort Sea • 2. Namibia • II. Transport manipulations • 1. Tanker S.S. Salem • 2. "Double loading scam" • 3. Crude transfer during breakdowns • III. Direct Action • IV. South Africa's other oil trade • V. Conclusion