by Angola Solidarity Coalition
Berkeley, California, United States
Spring 1976
8 pages
Contents: PREFACE • THE ANGOLANS DISCOVER THE PORTUGUESE • THE NATIONAL LIBERATION WAR • TRIBALISM & IMPERIALISM • U.S. IMPERIALISM: MAIN ENEMY • ANGOLA AT A GLANCE • FROM LISBON TO LUANDA • SALUTE TO CUBA • THE FUTURE OF ANGOLA • glossary • sources • more reading • The newsletter says the Angolan national liberation movement developed as part of the anti-colonial movement that swept across Africa in the 1950s and 1960s. The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) was formed on December 10, 1956. The newsletter discusses the Conference of Nationalist Organizations of the Portuguese Colonies (CONCF), which included Guinea-Bissau/Cape Verde (PAIGC), Angola (MPLA), Mozambique (three groups which would form FRELIMO in 1962), and Sao Tomé and Principe. The newsletter discusses the Union of Angolan People (UPA), Holden Roberto, and Jonas Savimbi and UNITA. The newsletter says that, in 1962 the UPA and the Democratic Party of Angola formed the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) and the Revolutionary Government in Exile (GRAE). The newsletter discusses U.S. investments in Angola and the companies General Tire, Mobil Oil, Gulf Oil, and Esso. The newsletter says Gulf Oil began prospecting in 1954 and struck oil in 1966 in the enclave of Cabinda. The newsletter says free Angola serves as a base for the South West African People's Organization (SWAPO), the liberation movement of Namibia, and the African National Congress (ANC), the liberation organization of Azania (South Africa).
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root