ANGOLA FACT SHEET

DESTABLIZATION AGAINST ANGOLA: A SUMMARY OF FACTS AS CITED BY THE UNITED NATIONS
by The Angola Foundation
Washington, DC, United States
December 1989
2 pages
Type: Report
Coverage in Africa: Angola, South Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United Nations
Language: English
Report based on the October 1989 document, "South African Destabilization: The Economic Cost of Frontline Resistance to Apartheid," by the United Nations Inter-Agency Task Force, Africa Recovery Programme/Economic Commission for Africa. The report says that, in 1988, Angola was forced to direct 30% of its gross domestic product (or 40% of government spending) to the war effort against South Africa and UNITA. Excess military and related security costs during 1980-88 totaled at least $8.5 billion. The report says the Angolan transport system has been devastated. The official figure for the number of persons displaced by the war until 1988 was from 600,000 to 700,000, and 500,000 persons have fled to neighboring countries. The report says about 25%, of primary health and education units have been destroyed. And up to 75% of small town and rural water systems have been destroyed or are out of operation. The combination of drought, rural insecurity, deterioration of transport capacity and limited foreign exchange have caused starvation in isolated rural areas. Angola has 40,000 amputees, mostly from landmine explosions, the largest per capita of any country in the world. The number of direct and indirect war deaths in Angola from 1980 to 1988 is almost 500,000. • ECONOMIC COSTS OF THE WAR • HUMAN COSTS OF THE WAR
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root